Choosing a type of marble will depend on a variety of factors running from your personal preferences over price and appearance to how and where the stone will be used.
Place Of Origin
With over half of the world’s marble coming from four countries, China, Italy, Spain and India, it’s very possible the stone of your choice will originate from one of the main producing countries. However, domestic options do exist with quality marble being quarried in North America. If the stone’s provenance is important to you, inquire about it’s origins and choose accordingly.
Marble comes in a wide variety of colours ranging from whites and all the way through to blacks with almost every colour in between. Depending on where the marble will be installed, the colours of the surrounding environment and the type of lighting available, an appropriate colour of marble should reveal itself.
Many types of marble are known for their natural veining. The contrast of the veining with the colour of the stone, the pattern of the veining and its prominence will all play a role in deciding which type of marble is right for your project.
Cost is a common consideration no matter what the endeavour, and it’s no different when it comes to marble. Marble prices vary by type, colour, origin and thickness. Different types of marble will have different prices, For example, White Carrara is much cheaper than Calcutta. Colours such as blue and green, which tend to be more unique, will typically cost more than blacks or beiges. Marble originating from China or Italy, because of their scales of production, is usually cheaper than marble coming from countries with lower production levels. Marble is also available in a variety of thicknesses which will affect costs accordingly.
Depending on what you’re using marble for will dictate which type makes the most sense. Marble flooring is typically composed of calcite, dolomite or magnesium. Certain types of marble, such as Carrara, are more dense than others and therefore do not stain as easily making them ideal for countertops. Similarly, some green marbles (which are actually serpentine) are highly resistant to etching. More porous types of marble, which are prone to etching and staining may be more suitable for areas that are not typically used as a surface area such as fireplace surrounds and mantles. On the other hand, the most popular marble types used for sculpting are Pentelic, Parian and Carrara.